Primary (3 - 6 YEARS)
PRIMARY (3-6 YEARS)
The primary daily activities are scheduled around an individualized greeting, a 3 hour uninterrupted work cycle, community meeting, outdoor activities, lunch, and afternoon activities. Morning and afternoon snacks are available.
The primary curriculum expands a wide range and variety of purposeful activities for the child’s work, in what Montessori described as “materialized abstractions”. Each activity is designed for specific learning objectives and presented with personal lessons to a child. The curriculum is organized in five major areas:
Practical Life materials allow practice of everyday activities such as pouring, cleaning, and sorting while developing concentration, coordination, order, independence, equilibrium, and refinement of small and large muscle control. These skills provide a foundation for further academic success, including the perceptual and physiological practices necessary for writing and reading.
Sensorial materials refine the use of the senses in differentiating color, shape, size, weight, form, taste, smell, sound, tone, and texture. This promotes preparation for the perceptual and physical skills necessary for reading and writing, and for concepts of mathematics, geometry, algebra, and abstract thinking.
Mathematics materials provide a visual and kinesthetic experience of quantity and symbols while preparing the child for the operations of addition, multiplication, subtraction, and division.
Language materials present concrete experiences of the alphabet, phonetic sounding of letters, word construction, writing, and reading, encouraging comprehension, vocabulary development, articulation, and expression.
Art, Geography, Science, Music and Movement materials allow the child to expand a range of interests and to develop cultural awareness, creativity, and self-expression.